Category Archives: Anthrax scare

The Scarlet A: Links between the Anthrax Attacks and 9/11


The Scarlet A:  Links between the Anthrax Attacks and 9/11 

by Barbara Honegger 

25 Sept. 2008

The author is a Senior Military Affairs Journalist, and former White House Policy Analyst and Special Assistant to the Assistant to the President in the first Reagan Administration. Ms. Honegger is the author of the 9/11 expose “The Pentagon Attack Papers” and October Surprise (Tudor, 1989), the first book to reveal the true origins of the Iran side of the Iran/Contra scandal.

By insisting that Bruce Ivins, a biowarfare scientist then with the Army’s Ft. Detrick laboratory, was behind the anthrax attacks, the Bush Administration has officially acknowledged that those attacks were perpetrated by a U.S. Government insider — and not by bin Laden or by Iraq. 

Likewise, compelling evidence (1) has demonstrated that the mass murders of 9/11 themselves were perpetrated or enabled by U.S. Government insiders. And while it is well known that President Bush has admitted Iraq was not behind Sept. 11, it is less widely known that bin Laden has never been wanted by the FBI for 9/11 on the agency’s ‘Most Wanted Terrorists’ web page. FBI Director Mueller and his chief investigative spokesman, Rex Tomb, have publicly stated that the reason bin Laden isn’t officially wanted for 9/11 is because there is “no hard evidence” linking him to the Sept. 11 plot. (2) 

Because the Administration has thus admitted the anthrax attacks were perpetrated by a U.S. government insider — and Sheila Casey and Barry Kissin have shown in the Sept. 2008 issue of The Rock Creek Free Press that they were a true inside job by the CIA (and DIA) and its contractor Battelle Memorial Institute, not a ‘lone nut’ rogue (3) — if significant evidence links the insider anthrax attacks to 9/11, we can reasonably infer that the same government/military insiders were behind both mass crimes. 

So what is the evidence linking anthrax to Sept. 11? 

1) Whatever insiders wrote the letters mailed with the anthrax wanted you to believe they were linked to 9/11. As is well known, the date hand written on the anthrax letters is Sept. 11, 2001. Though the official story — that the first letter, to Florida photo journalist Bob Stevens, wasn’t mailed until after 9/11 and so anthrax wasn’t part of the actual 9/11 plot — it’s clear that whoever wrote and dated the letters and added the super-weaponized (3) U.S. military anthrax wanted you to believe there is a direct connection, and that Islamic foreigners were responsible for both. 

2) Superweaponizing anthrax was one of Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld’s top priorities. Two days before  9/11, on Sept. 9, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) held a rare press conference in which it revealed that on his first day as Secretary of Defense, Rumsfeld ordered the DIA to take Project Jefferson, a secret and illegal anthrax weaponization program (probably using the Ames strain contained in the anthrax letters) to the next level of lethality and that it had achieved ‘success’ earlier that month in a classified field test. The mainstream press reported this event on Sept. 10, the day before 9/11.

3) Mayor Rudolph Giuliani’s Office of Emergency Management (OEM) preplanned a bio/chem-terrorism exercise likely involving an anthrax scenario for which personnel were in New York City on 9/11, and Giuliani’s just-recent OEM director urged White House staff to go on anti-anthrax Cipro on Sept. 11.  Giuliani testified to the 9/11 Commission that his Office of Emergency Management (OEM) had scheduled a bio/chem-terrorism response exercise, called TRIPOD II, to begin the day after 9/11, Sept. 12. But personnel who were to take part in the exercise were already in New York City on Sept. 10th and OEM personnel were cleared out of their WTC7 offices on Sept. 11 and moved to the exercise command center on a New York pier and thus conveniently out of the building when it was brought down by military-grade thermate explosives on 9/11 — controlled demolition charges that required weeks to pre-place, the very weeks the exercise was being planned. New Jersey’s Ft. Monmouth, an Army base just across the water from the Twin Towers, also held a ‘II’ exercise, called TIMELY ALERT II, on 9/11 (4), almost certainly coordinated with Giuliani’s TRIPOD II, further evidence that the latter was also scheduled to begin on Sept. 11. 

   The then recent director of Mayor Giuliani’s Office of Emergency Management, Jerome “Jerry” Hauer — a bio-warfare expert and one of the signers of the pre-9/11 Project for a New American Century manifesto calling for “a new Pearl Harbor” (such as 9/11) who had been a central player in scripting the TRIPOD II bio-chem attack scenario exercise — was an expert in the response to building collapses (5) and managing director of Kroll Associates before and on 9/11, the company that managed the WTC7 OEM ‘bunker’ and provided ‘security’ for the World Trade Center, including all three buildings brought down by controlled demolition that morning. He thus oversaw personnel with the complete access needed to pre-place explosive charges. It was Hauer who had advocated, despite the 1993 terrorist attack on WTC1, that Giuliani locate his OEM, from which a response to an expected follow up attack on the WTC would need to be orchestrated, next door in WTC7 (6). The new OEM opened on the 23rd floor of WTC7 in June 1999, where Hauer, its director, had his office. Hauer became a National Security Adviser to the National Institutes of Health on Sept. 10, the very day TRIPOD II personnel arrived in New York City, from which new NIH post he managed the Bush Administration’s ‘response’ to the imminent anthrax attacks, which falsely pointed the finger at Iraq and diverted attention from the true insider anthrax killers. Indeed, it was Hauer who zealously pushed the ‘bin Laden did it and just planes-and-fires brought down the Towers’ official story on CBS News on 9/11 in the immediate aftermath of the attacks before anyone not on the inside could have possibly determined the actual cause of the collapses, taking pains to insist that explosives were not involved, when they were. And according to mainstream press reports and a lawsuit by the conservative government watchdog group Judicial Watch, it was Hauer who personally advised the White House to take anti-anthrax Cipro antibiotics on 9/11 (7). [Other reports state White House personnel were put on Cipro nearly a month before the attacks (8). Did Hauer recommend that White House personnel be put on an anti-anthrax antibiotics on 9/11 because he had reason to believe the 9/11 attacks would also involve anthrax and/or because he had advance knowledge there would be subsequent imminent anthrax attacks? 


4) The FBI had been told the 9/11 attacks would involve anthrax. On Sept. 11, Janette MacKinlay lived in a fourth floor apartment overlooking what was soon to become ‘the pit’ of the World Trade Center. Her neighbor and close friend Bruno told her later that day or early the next morning that he had been pulled off the street into a bank lobby next to the WTC towers by an FBI agent on the morning of Sept. 11 to protect them from the dust cloud from the collapsing tower, and was told by the agent that “We were told this was going to happen and that it would involve anthrax.” Another FBI agent told a woman about to enter the NBC Bldg. that she should leave immediately because “there are explosives in the building as well as in the WTC.”  Clearly, the FBI had been pre-alerted because their own offices were in the WTC — in WTC7 — which, like WTC1 and WTC2, was pre-wired for a controlled demolition take down that day. MacKinlay had the presence of mind to collect the dust from the cloud that poured into her apartment overlooking the ‘pit’, and it is this dust that physicist Prof. Steven Jones has analyzed and in which he found military-grade thermate as well as other high explosives, proving the presence of pre-placed charges throughout the towers to which ‘Al Qaeda’ could not have had access to set. 

  Though no anthrax has been reported in the dust — though it may not have yet been tested for — if TRIPOD II were at least in part on an anthrax attack scenario, it wouldn’t have used actual anthrax, but an anthrax simulant — an anthrax-like powder that would disperse through the air in a way similar to the real thing. Experts should be consulted for the chemical composition of anthrax simulants and the dust from the WTC collapses tested for these simulants. 

5) In the minds of the insider scriptwriters for the Sept. 2001 New York City TRIPOD II emergency response exercise, an attack on the World Trade Center was already associated with bio/chem terrorism. According to respected New York Times science writer William Broad, the plan for the 1993 attack on WTC1, for which alleged 9/11 mastermind Khalid Sheihk Mohammed’s nephew Ramzi Yousef is in prison for life, involved a plot to push cyanide into New York City. This is reported in Germs, Broad’s book co-authored with Judith Miller. Though the latter’s credibility has been compromised, Broad remains a respected journalist. 

6) Rudolph Giuliani bought the Florida-building crime scene of the first anthrax attack. Anthrax was found throughout the American Media, Inc. (AMI) building in Boca Raton, Florida where the first anthrax letter victim, Robert Stevens, worked — as confirmed by AMI employees whose desks were near Stevens’ whom I have interviewed. A ‘don’t cross’ line was put around the building by the FBI, which had been “told 9/11 was coming and that it would involve anthrax.” AMI was forced to move to another location and put the building up for sale. According to The New York Times, this first anthrax attack crime scene with evidence still in place was then bought (at an anthrax sale price) by former NYC Mayor Giuliani, overseer of the Sept. 11/12 TRIPOD II bio/chem-terrorism probable-anthrax-scenario exercise, who formed a partnership with a decontamination expert qualified to decontaminate the building. Giuliani thus controlled and oversaw the destruction of evidence at both the New York crime scene of the 9/11 attacks, the WTC, ordering the steel containing traces of controlled demolition explosives to be removed, and the crime scene of the first anthrax attack, America Media, Inc, in Florida. 

   The FBI had already joined the conspiracy to obstruct its own investigation of the anthrax attacks by “agreeing to the request” of Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine in Ames, Iowa to destroy its ‘library’ of over 100 vials of the Ames strain gathered since 1928 necessary for a definitive match against the anthrax in the mailed letters, which library was destroyed on Oct. 12, 2001, one week after Bob Stevens became the first victim. (9)  

   This Florida anthrax is critical because, according to press reports on Ivins’ alleged involvement, the anthrax in the mailed letters — but not the ‘first’ anthrax sent to Stevens (the FBI claims no letter was found in connection with the anthrax recovered from Stevens’ computer keyboard but assumes a ‘missing’ letter) was traced back to a flask in Ivins’ laboratory. The Stevens anthrax is thus key to proving that Ivins, if he was involved at all, did not act alone, as it does not trace back to his flask, and because it’s the closest in time to 9/11 and so most likely to be directly linked to Sept. 11. 

   Based on the above, a reasonable case can be made that Giuliani’s Sept. 11/12 TRIPOD II bio/chem. terrorism response exercise was at least in part on an anthrax scenario, using an anthrax simulant; that the letters mailed slightly later with real anthrax may have been written or the text drafted for that exercise; and that Giuliani’s former Office of Emergency Management director and close friend Jerome Hauer advised White House staff to take anti-anthrax Cipro on 9/11 because he was afraid the anthrax attack exercise scenario might be about to ‘go live’ just as both the NORAD hijacked-plane ‘exercise’ and the NRO plane-crashing-into-tower ‘exercise’ had already just ‘gone live’ earlier the morning of Sept. 11 as parts of their ‘game’ scenarios suddenly turned horribly real. 

   If the Florida anthrax doesn’t link back to Ivins’ Ft. Detrick flask and Ivins, who worked on vaccines (bio-defense) and not its weaponization (bio-offense) wasn’t behind the attacks — and neither, the government now claims, was Steven Hatfill whom the Bush Administration just agreed to pay millions of dollars to settle his case — then who was?  As detailed in the September issue by Casey and Kissin, the key suspects are CIA/DIA contractor Battelle Memorial Institute (BMI); and, individually, William Patrick and Ken Alibek. 

   Battelle, a bio-defense contractor located in West Jefferson, Ohio, has exclusive control of the Ames strain contained in the mailed anthrax letters (10) and, in partnership with the CIA and Defense Intelligence Agency, ran Project Jefferson, the government’s covert bio-weapons program whose goal was to develop hyper-weaponized anthrax like that contained in the mailed letters (11) and which Rumsfeld ordered developed to the next level of lethality on his first day as Secretary of Defense. 

   William Patrick, a former top bio-scientist at Ft. Detrick and close colleague of former Giuliani OEM Director Jerry Hauer, was the mentor of initial FBI ‘person of interest’ in the anthrax attacks Steven Hatfill. Patrick holds five classified patents and trade secrets, including on how to hyper-weaponize anthrax to the 1 trillion spores per gram contained in the letters mailed to Democratic Congressional leaders Senators Daschle and Leahy (12). After leaving Ft. Detrick, he was contracted by Battelle to research and write a report on how mailed letters could be used as the vector for dispersing weaponized anthrax. (13)  On Sept. 9, two days before 9/11, Battelle contractor DIA announced the ‘success’ of Project Jefferson’s anthrax hyper-weaponization program. Following the Sept./Oct. 2001 letter mailings, some of which were reported to contain anthrax at 1 trillion spores per gram, a footnote in Patrick’s report stating that “We have now arrived at the point where we can purify [anthrax] to the extent of 1 trillion spores in a gram” was removed from publicly available copies. (13)  

   William Patrick worked with his close colleague and friend, former Soviet bio-weapons expert Ken Alibek, at Battelle, which also ran Project Clear Vision, a secret CIA program to reverse engineer dry-powder anthrax bombs produced by the former Soviet Union. Patrick and Alibek were the FBI’s first suspects in the anthrax attacks, but the initial FBI investigative team was taken off that focus and replaced by a new team that diverted attention to Hatfill. Director Mueller himself assured a Senator that the FBI “was not investigating, nor intending to investigate, anyone with, or formerly with, BMI [Battelle].” (14)  Battelle is also a contractual partner with BioPort and Scientific Applications International Corporation (SAIC), and directs the anthrax production and experimentation program at the Army’s Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, the second ‘home’ in addition to Ft. Detrick of the Ames strain contained in the letters. Hauer and Hatfill worked together at SAIC. (15

The inside job anthrax attacks were then used as a pretext for the illegal secret domestic wiretap program and assault on the Constitution.

   Given the timing, it is now almost certain that the U.S. government insider anthrax attacks were used as the pretext for President Bush’s illegal warrantless domestic wiretap program for which he signed the first ‘authorization’ on Oct. 23, 2001 – right in the middle of the anthrax terror (16).  Senator John McCain had just gone on ABC TV, on Oct. 18, to push the disinformation that a nonexistent bentonite additive, purportedly marking the anthrax as coming from Iraq, meant that Saddam Hussein was behind the attacks. To this day, the White House still refuses to provide Congress with this Oct. 23, 2001 presidential authorization for its warrantless inside-the-U.S. surveillance program, and for obvious reason. This is the alleged authorization that we now know, from a footnote referring to it in another now-released document, contains Bush’s shocking claim that the Constitution’s Fourth Amendment’s protections against unreasonable searches and seizures do not apply to U.S. military operations conducted inside the United States. 

   The fact that the Administration continued its secret and illegal domestic spying program long after its was publicly known that the anthrax attacks were the work of one of its own inside military facilities is strong evidence the perpetrators were the same high level officials who used the attacks to justify their illegal surveillance program – the White House itself. Exposing the inside job anthrax mailings as the false pretext for the illegal warrantless domestic wiretap program is thus critical to bringing President Bush and his administration to account for its Reichtag Fire-like attack on Congressional Democratic leaders Daschle and Leahy then pushing for an investigation of the 9/11 attacks and resisting the president’s railroading of the Patriot Act — the analog to Hitler’s Enabling Act passed in the wake of the Reichtag Fire — through Congress, as well as for the mass murders of Sept. 11.

We have seen the Terrorists, and They are U.S.  It’s time for under oath pre-impeachment hearings — and pre-court martial hearings — to interrogate these suspects, and all others who worked with them, to expose who wears The Scarlet A



1 The New Pearl Harbor Revisited: 9/11, the Cover-Up, and the Expose, by David Ray Griffin, Interlink Books, Sept. 2008. 


3 “FBI Sweeps Anthrax Under the Rug,” Rock Creek Free Press, Sept. 2008 issue, pp. 1 and 2. 


5 New York Times, July 27, 1999 




8 Crossing the Rubicon, by Michael Ruppert, pp. 505-506. 



11 The FBI recently held a ‘science’ briefing for reporters on the Ivins evidence in which it made a 180-degree reversal from the results of lab analyses of the anthrax reported by Ft. Detrick and other scientists and officials in the first year following the attacks. Those early analyses showed the spores in the letters to Senators Leahy and Daschle to be super-weaponized: they were found to be highly uniform, extremely small in size, extremely concentrated at 1 trillion per gram, electrically charged, and with a silica coating. At its ‘science’ briefing, the FBI absurdly claimed that mail processing machines caused the additional powderizing and electrical charge found in the samples — both coincidentally common results of weaponization. 

12; “Terror Anthrax Linked to Type Made by U.S.,” by William Broad, New York Times, Dec. 3, 2001. 

13 Ibid. (Broad, New York Times, Dec. 3, 2001).  


15  16 Further confirmation that the insider anthrax attacks were used by the Bush Administration to justify creating the secret illegal warrantless domestic wiretap program is in “Conflict Over Spying Led White House to Brink,” Washington Post, Sept. 14, 2008, by Barton Gellman.  Note [6] at the end of this article reveals that the very first memorandum giving the purported legal rationale for the wireless domestic taps, by John Yoo, was dated Oct. 4, 2001 – just after published reports of the first anthrax victim, Bob Stevens, and only one day before his death on Oct. 5.  This is contained in Shannen Coffin’s letter to Senator Leahy of Aug. 20, 2007

US Dept. of Justice Still Opposes Anthrax Investigation in 2007

US Dept. of Justice Still Opposes Anthrax Investigation in 2007

by daily kos blog
posted by mediamonarchy, 27 April 2007

Democratic Representative Rush Holt (NJ-12) has been stonewalled in his efforts to get answers from the DOJ and the FBI about the status of investigations into the 2001 anthrax attacks on the federal government. The anthrax letters originated from his district.

On December 11, 2006, Holt and a bipartisan group of Congressmen requested that Attorney General Gonzales "direct the FBI to provide Congress with a comprehensive briefing on the status of the five year-old anthrax investigation." The DOJ refused.

On March 2, 2007, he sent this request to Henry Waxman and John Conyers:

"The Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation have openly asserted their belief that Congress should be kept in the dark on this vital national security issue. Mr. Chairman, I ask for your help in determining why we have been unable to bring the perpetrators of this heinous act to justice. It is time to provide effective oversight of the Department of Justice and the FBI."

Why would the DOJ and FBI stonewall this Congressman's request for information on their investigations into a crime committed in his own district? …

The anthrax letter sent to Democrat Tom Daschle was opened by an aide on October 15, 2001. Nine days later the House passed the Patriot Act. Apparently, some of them didn't read it — or at least, didn't read it during the reauthorization in 2006, as we know from the revelation about the US Attorney clause that was slipped in by the DOJ.

Did the hysteria and fear caused by the anthrax attacks play a factor in the passage of the Patriot Act?

* Anthrax letters sent to Congress on October 9
* Tom Daschle letter opened on October 15
* 31 Capitol workers test positive for the presence of anthrax on October 17
* Patriot Act passed the House on October 24 (Yeas: 357; Nays: 66)
* Patriot Act passed the Senate on October 25 (Yeas: 98; Nays: 1)
* Patriot Act signed into law by President Bush on October 26

The 31 Capitol workers include five Capitol police officers, three of Democratic Senator Russ Feingold's staffers and 23 of Democratic Senator Tom Daschle's staffers. Including the victims of the earlier letters sent to media outlets, more than 22 people ultimately developed anthrax infections. Five people died from inhalation anthrax.

Rep. Holt says:

"The FBI?s refusal to brief Members of Congress raises serious concerns about the status of this investigation and whether it is a true priority of the FBI, which appears to be no closer to solving this act of bioterrorism than they were five years ago."

Holt wants answers about an act of bioterrorism conducted in his district. The FBI and DOJ refuse to answer. Since the DOJ benefited from the passage of the Patriot Act, isn't this just a little bit suspicious?

Don't we need some oversight into this?

Labels: anthrax, doj, fbi, patriot act

Anthrax? The F.B.I. Yawns

New York Times

Anthrax? The F.B.I. Yawns

Published: July 2, 2002

The F.B.I.'s bumbling before 9/11 is water under the bridge. But the bureau's lackadaisical ineptitude in pursuing the anthrax killer continues to threaten America's national security by permitting him to strike again or, more likely, to flee to Iran or North Korea.

Almost everyone who has encountered the F.B.I. anthrax investigation is aghast at the bureau's lethargy. Some in the biodefense community think they know a likely culprit, whom I'll call Mr. Z. Although the bureau has polygraphed Mr. Z, searched his home twice and interviewed him four times, it has not placed him under surveillance or asked its outside handwriting expert to compare his writing to that on the anthrax letters.

This is part of a larger pattern. Astonishingly, the F.B.I. allowed the destruction of anthrax stocks at Iowa State University, losing what might have been valuable genetic clues. Then it waited until December to open the intact anthrax envelope it found. The F.B.I. didn't obtain anthrax strains from various labs for comparison until March, and the testing is still not complete. The bureau did not systematically polygraph scientists at two suspect labs, Fort Detrick, Md., and Dugway Proving Ground in Utah, until a month ago.

Perhaps it's a cheap shot for an armchair detective to whine about the caution of dedicated and exceptionally hard-working investigators. Yet months pass and the bureau continues to act like, well, a bureaucracy, plodding along in slow motion. People in the biodefense field first gave Mr. Z's name to the bureau as a suspect in October, and I wrote about him elliptically in a column on May 24.

He denies any wrongdoing, and his friends are heartsick at suspicions directed against a man they regard as a patriot. Some of his polygraphs show evasion, I hear, although that may be because of his temperament.

If Mr. Z were an Arab national, he would have been imprisoned long ago. But he is a true-blue American with close ties to the U.S. Defense Department, the C.I.A. and the American biodefense program. On the other hand, he was once caught with a girlfriend in a biohazard ''hot suite'' at Fort Detrick, surrounded only by blushing germs.

With many experts buzzing about Mr. Z behind his back, it's time for the F.B.I. to make a move: either it should go after him more aggressively, sifting thoroughly through his past and picking up loose threads, or it should seek to exculpate him and remove this cloud of suspicion.

Whoever sent the anthrax probably had no intention of killing people; the letters warned recipients to take antibiotics. My guess is that the goal was to help America by raising preparedness against biological attacks in the future.

So it seems fair to ask the F.B.I. a few questions:

Do you know how many identities and passports Mr. Z has and are you monitoring his international travel? I have found at least one alias for him, and he has continued to travel abroad on government assignments, even to Central Asia.

Why was his top security clearance suspended in August, less than a month before the anthrax attacks began? This move left him infuriated. Are the C.I.A. and military intelligence agencies cooperating fully with the investigation?

Have you searched the isolated residence that he had access to last fall? The F.B.I. has known about this building, and knows that Mr. Z gave Cipro to people who visited it. This property and many others are legally registered in the name of a friend of Mr. Z, but may be safe houses operated by American intelligence.

Have you examined whether Mr. Z has connections to the biggest anthrax outbreak among humans ever recorded, the one that sickened more than 10,000 black farmers in Zimbabwe in 1978-80? There is evidence that the anthrax was released by the white Rhodesian Army fighting against black guerrillas, and Mr. Z has claimed that he participated in the white army's much-feared Selous Scouts. Could rogue elements of the American military have backed the Rhodesian Army in anthrax and cholera attacks against blacks? Mr. Z's r

Anthrax Attack Made by Government Scientist, FBI Cover Up

Anthrax Attack Made by Government Scientist, FBI Cover Up

14 December 2006

The perpetrator of the 2001 anthrax attack on Congress likely was a government scientist employed at the Armx’s Ft. Detrick, Md., bioterrorism lab having access to a “moonsuit” that made it possible to safely process and manufacture super-weapons-grade anthrax, a bioterrorism authority says.

Although only a “handful” of scientists had the ability to perpetrate the crime, the culprit, or culprits, among them may never be identified as the FBI ordered the destruction of the anthrax culture collection at Ames, Ia., from which the Ft. Detrick lab got its pathogens, the authority said.

This action made it impossible “to pin-point precisely where, when, and from whom these bio-agents had originated,” said Dr. Francis A. Boyle of the University of Illinois at Champaign.

Boyle, who drafted the U.S. Biological Weapons Convention of 1989 that was enacted by Congress, says destruction of the Ames anthrax “appears to be a cover-up orchestrated by the FBI.”

Calls for comment to two FBI press offices in Washington, D.C., on this charge were not returned. Members of the Senate have been pressing the FBI for additional information on its investigation, thought to be ongoing.

If impartial scientists could have performed genetic reconstruction of the anthrax found in letters mailed to Senators Daschle(D-S.D.) and Patrick Leahy, (D -Vt.), “the trail of genetic evidence would have led directly back to a secret but officially-sponsored U.S. government

Testimony on Anthrax scare

Richard Ochs (On the Anthrax scare and its political implications)

I’m not an expert on anthrax. I’m a freelance writer. I’ve published in the Baltimore Sun, the Baltimore Chronicle, the Times Magazine, but more than a writer, I’m an activist. I’m on the board of the Aberdeen Proving Ground Superfund Citizen’s Coalition, also the Military Toxics Project and [inaudible] working group. Ever since I’ve been a college student I’ve been trying to keep an eye on Fort Dietrich. I’ve written about it, even back in the ’60’s. And someone, a friend of mine told me that right after Senator Leahy called for hearings on military tribunals he got an anthrax threat. And right away I smelled a rat. And I started looking into it and I found a bunch of other circumstantial evidence that I think justifies a Congressional investigation or a Blue Ribbon Commission investigation to answer a lot of these questions that are raised by some of these circumstances.

I have a ten page paper that outlines some of these things which is on the table, but they’re out. If someone didn’t get one you get a card from me and I’ll send it to you or you can get it off my web site. The timing and targeting of the letters, the anthrax letters, suggests that the motivation of the perpetrators was to promote legislation, mainly the USA Patriot Act. Anthrax letters were mailed to the Democratic Senate leadership on the same day that they blocked an attempt to rush the bill through without debate or amendments. These threats frightened Congress in general and intimidated certain opponents of the Patriot bill in particular. No Republican received an anthrax letter. The closing of the House and Senate office buildings made it difficult for members to read the bill. Many members didn’t even get a chance to read most of the bill. It was like 350 pages. After the letters were received the Democratic leadership gave up their insistence on a two year sunset clause of the Patriot Act.

The day after the constitutionally challenged Patriot Act was signed, the Supreme Court was closed with a false anthrax scare. Anthrax letters to the news media created widespread fear and a lockstep mentality and support of the administration’s policies. The administration suggested that the anthrax attacks were perpetrated by the same people who crashed the planes on 9/11. Well, while agreeing that the anthrax came from US government sources, the FBI investigation has been so inept that members of Congress and anthrax scientists have complained. And this is the other reason I think that we need to have a commission or Congressional hearings. Not just because of the strange coincidences of the Patriot Act, but the behavior of the FBI in investigating what’s actually going on. It’s been four months now since they, or anyone, has said anything. The last thing that’s been written about the anthrax investigation was the beginning of February and nothing’s been said since then, not even from our friends who are watching the FBI. They’re just not saying much.

Dr. Barbara Hatch Rosenberg of the Federation of American Scientists thinks that the culprit is known by the FBI but may be untouchable because he has knowledge damaging to the government. That may be that knowledge is that the United States is doing illegal research in violation of the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. In an article by Laura Rosen in Salon on February 8th of this year revealed that the "Defense Intelligence Agency hired Betell Labs to create a genetically enhanced version of anthrax, even though no vaccine was proven to be effective beforehand." A former Clinton administration official, Alyssa D.. Harris, "was shocked to read in the New York Times about bio-weapons research that she herself had not known about although she had served eight years in the White House as the point person for weapons of mass destruction non-proliferation issues."

The FBI investigation has seemed to have ground to a halt. Some categories of suspects may be precluded due to the FBI’s ideological boundaries and/or conflicts of interest. It is therefore advisable for Congress to conduct open hearings on the greatest criminal germ attack on citizens in US history. Now in terms of questions, I have written about 18 questions myself. I don’t probably have time to read them all but I’ll read a few. Why did the FBI allow the destruction of the Ames anthrax stockpile in Ames, Iowa one week after the same strain killed a tabloid editor in Florida? Why did the FBI wait for two months after the anthrax attacks before interviewing the experts at Ft. Dietrich? Why did the FBI rule the death of anthrax expert, Dr. Don C. Wiley, a suicide instead of a murder? Local homicide detectives thought otherwise. Would the FBI reconsider a homicide investigation? What is the source of the anthrax used in the letters? What is the hold up in the FBI’s investigation? What damaging information, if any, does the suspected anthrax perpetrator have on the government? Why does the CIA or its contractors possess anthrax or other bio-weapons? And in my paper I go into what the CIA is doing on that. What is the extent of the CIA’s research or the US bio-weapons program? Is the US or any of its agents in violation of the Biological Weapons Convention of 1972 and/or the Biological Weapons Antiterrorism Act of 1989? Is the US developing genetically modified biological agents? Does the US or its contractors possess genetically engineered pathogens which have no vaccine or cure? What would happen if such pathogens got into the general environment by accident or design? How easy is it to smuggle a few grams of lethal agent out of the high security labs? What is required to grow dangerous quantities of these agents from a few grams? And is the danger of proliferation worth the presumed benefit of possessing such bio-weapons? Thank you.



by Steve Moore

Centre for Research on Globalisation (CRG), ,  15 August 2002

Global Outlook , Issue No 2  9-11: Foreknowledge or Deception? Stop the Nuclear Threat. Now available (for details click here) .

Order by phone from publisher. Call (toll free) 1-888-713-8500. 

According to Patrick Martin, in an article entitled "US anthrax attacks linked to army biological weapons plant"   there is a "growing likelihood that a section of the state apparatus itself, with close links to far-right elements, is the probable source of the anthrax attacks." Now, the facts are in.

American microbiologists have been pointing the finger at virologist Dr. Steven Hatfill, an American contractor working for the CIA. Dr. Hatfill is "one of the few people in the United States who knows how to manufacture and weaponize anthrax spores, information (he) gained from his two years at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases in Frederick, Maryland." (Jan Cienski, "Anthrax Probe Puts Spotlight on Researcher" National Post, July 5, 2002, p. A12)

Barbara Hatch Rosenberg, a biological warfare expert at the Federation of American Scientists claims that "biodefense experts have told the FBI the identity of a likely suspect but that the Bureau was keeping it secret-possibly because the suspect knows to much about U.S. experimentation with germ warfare." (Julian Borger "Anthrax Killer Could Grow More Bacteria" Guardian Weekly, June25-July 3, 2002, p. 4)

Why has Dr. Steven Hatfill’s name hit the top of the suspect list? First of all, the spores used in last year’s attack were "identical" to a strain developed at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases in Frederick where Steven Hatfill worked. After leaving the army lab, Hatfill worked for Scientific Application International Corporation, a defense contractor, but he retained access to the U.S. military’s chemical weapons testing facility in Fort Detrick, Md. and the Dugway Proving Ground in Utah.

Secondly, Dr. Hatfill is one the the "few" people in the entire United States who knows how to weaponize anthrax spores. In fact, Dr. Hatfill, 48, is a U.S. native, born in Missouri, who served in the Rhodesian white-run military’s elite Special Air Squadron and the feared Selous Scouts counterinsurgency unit. Dr. Hatfill was "serving with the Rhodesian military during an outbreak of anthrax that sickened more than 10,000 black farmers in 1978-80." Jan Cienski, National Post, July 5, 2002, p. A12). Thus, one of the largest outbreaks of germ warfare in world history came as the white Rhodesians were on the verge of being defeated by black guerrillas. Dr. Hatfill was on site, he had the technology, the CIA connection and the access to the planes of the Special Air Squadron.

Hatfill then claims he went to South Africa to work for the country’s apartheid Military Medical Corps. It seems reasonable to speculate that Dr. Hatfill’s African activities may have been at the service of the CIA sponsored cold war activities.

Thirdly, the return address of the anthrax letters to Senators Tom Daschle and Patrick Leahy had the phony address "Greendale School" in Franklin Park, N.J. When Dr. Hatfill lived in Zimbabwe he resided in a suburb of the capital Harare, called "Greendale".

Fourthly, when Hatfill returned to the U.S. in 1995, he immediately "joined the highest levels of the U.S. biodefence establishment with little apparent problem…." (National Post July 5, 2002, p.A12) This further evidence suggests he was a valuable CIA asset returning home after the defeat of apartheid in Zimbabwe and South Africa.

In the fifth place, Dr. Hatfill’s former co-workers alerted the FBI in August, 2000, after he "was seen taking home a large piece of lab equipment that can be used to handle dangerous materials." (National Post, July 5, 2002, p. A12)

In the sixth place, when he was working for Scientific Applications International Corporation, Dr. Hatfill commissioned a 1999 study that described a fictional terrorist attack in which an anthrax-filled envelope is opened in an office. The study postulated that 2.5 grams of Bauillus Globigii, a type of anthrax could be placed in a standard sized business envelope-a similar amount was found in the letters to the two Senators. The study also suggested a trillion spores per gram—–the same particle size as in those envelopes.

Police have searched a public storage space rented by Dr. Hatfill in Ocala, Florida about three hours drive from Boca Raton, where the photo editor for a tabloid newspaper was killed by anthrax.

Finally, The National Post reports that Newsweek ran a story which claimed that bloodhounds trained to recognize the scent of the decontaminated anthrax envelopes "reacted strongly" to Dr. Hatfill’s apartment, his girlfriend’s apartment and a Denny’s restaurant in Louisiana where he has eaten. (Deborah Charles "Scientist Denies any Role in Deadly Anthrax Attacks" National Post, August 12, 2002, p. A11)

Despite Nicholas Kristoff’s column in the New York Times calling on the FBI to go after "Mr. Z", a man whose resume exactly matches Dr. Hatfill; despite the considered opinion and warnings of Dr. Hatfill’s fellow scientists; despite the testing indicating that the anthrax spores are only 2 years old and still potentially active for a second attack; despite being questioned by the FBI four times, once with a polygraph, and a search of his Florida storage space and removing half a dozen garbage bags of material from his apartment, the FBI says Dr. Steven Hatfill "is not suspect." (National Post, July 5, 2002, p. A12) Recently, Dr. Hatfill has traveled to Central Asia (the new American war zone) on an official government assignment.

Let me just state the obvious, the FBI does not arrest CIA germ warfare scientists without the CIA permission or an American Cabinet decision, even if he is killing innocent Americans. The CIA has used Dr. Steven Hatfill’s expertise for several decades. Certainly, the FBI was alerted by Hatfill’s co-workers in August 2000 regarding his borrowing (or stealing?} a large piece of lab equipment that handled dangerous materials. And yet, both agencies have stood back and let Hatfill do his thing. This continues today even though the anthrax pores are less than two years old and still alive and deadly.

So much for the facts. However, even without all the facts, it is still important to speculate about why Dr. Steven Hatfill is not under arrest. Hatfill’s possible tales of germ warfare against Africans, his close relationship to the CIA and the immediate post-Sept 11 timing of the anthrax attacks make him an undesirable witness from the government’s point of view. Not arresting him is becoming increasingly embarrassing too.. But there may be a deeper reason for keeping him alive and on "government assignment."

Here comes the point of speculation that I have yet to see in print. Clearly, the anthrax attacks were timed to coincide with the Sept. 11 attack. The purpose was to create the maximum terror amongst the American public. Newsweek (June 10, 2002) has a cover story concluding that the CIA knew that two Qaeda terrorists (Khalid Almihdhar & Nawaf Alhazmi) entered the U.S. very early in 2000. Newsweek says that:

"Agency (CIA) officials didn’t tell the INS, which could have turned them away at the border, nor did they notify the FBI, which could have covertly tracked them to find out their mission. Instead, during the year and nine months after the CIA identified them as terrorists, Alhazmi and Almihdhar lived openly in the United States, using their real names, obtaining driver’s licenses, opening bank accounts and enrolling in flight schools—-until the morning of September 11, when they walked aboard American Airlines flight 77 and crashed it into the Pentagon." (p. 22)

Remember now that Dr. Hatfill, the CIA scientist walks out of his lab with a device capable of storing anthrax in August, 2000. If the Bush administration, via the CIA, decided to give a free hand for a first strike action by Al Qaeda in order to mobilize the American People for war in Central Asia, they must have speculated that the cover-up might be exposed or at least used by the political opposition in the United States.

The only real opposition that could shake the Bush/CIA/FBI alliance cover-up would be the U.S. Senate because of it’s investigative powers. The clue then is in the targets, especially Senate Democratic Majority Leader Tom Daschle. The anthrax letter to Senator Daschle and Senator Patrick Leahy may have been a warning: "Back us and don’t push for an investigation or else?" As we know, the Bush Administration is opposed to any real Senate Investigation. Yet Tom Daschle’s Democrats hold a majority in the Senate…a potentially dangerous man!

The current failure to make an arrest is interesting. The CIA/FBI could be letting the opposition know "We got this guy ‘Mr. Z’ who’s got lots of live anthrax left. He’s struck once. He could strike again. He used to work for us and we’re not considering him a suspect. Draw your own conclusions about how much you wanna investigate September 11."

Unfortunately, the intimidation of the Democratic Party opposition continues. According to Nicholas D. Kristof of the New York Times, another Democratic Senator doing a personal on-site investigation of the U.S. Army Medical Rsearch Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) at Fort Detrick, Md. was also exposed to anthrax. It seems the CIA doesn’t want anyone visiting their labs.

Although the lives of Senators are at risk, Kristof makes a joke of the whole matter. He writes:

"As recently as April of this year (2002), anthrax spores were found in a hallway and administrative area of USAMRIID shortly after Senator Mary Landrieu, a Louisiana Democrat, visited the complex. Anthrax spores seem to have it in for Democratic Senators." (Nicholas D. Kristof, "Case of the Missing Anthrax New York Times, July 19, 2002, p. A21)

Needless to say, this is just another example of the establishment press not taking the attempts to intimidate the political opposition seriously. I wrote a letter to Kristof complaining that this was a serious issue and not a joking matter. No response was forthcoming.

In August, 2002, Dr. Steven Hatfill, in the company of his lawyer, issued a public statement in which he claims "I have never worked with anthrax. I know nothing about this matter." Yet, the East coast FBI investigators continue to covertly flood the media with more and more information. The latest being the text of a novel by Dr. Steven Hatfill on bioterrorism which was leaked to ABC News. According to Victor Glasbery, Dr. Hatfill’s lawyer, the "only way" the manuscript could have been obtained was from the hard d rive on Dr. Hatfill’s computer, which the FBI seized during a search of his home. (National Post, August 12, 2002, p. A11)

Clearly, there are some Agent Rowley types in the East coast FBI who are increasingly frustrated with the powers that be (FBI/CIA/Bush Inner Cabinet) and their successful attempts to prevent the arrest and trial of a CIA germ warfare expert for the anthrax attacks. Hence, the trial takes place in the media. Surprisingly Dr. Steven Hatfill has decided to participate in this media circus because he claims the FBI leaks have ruined his reputation and future career prospects. It is doubtful that Mr. Hafill’s press conference will improve either his reputation or career prospects, but coming out in the open may have a good deal to do with saving his life.

The evidence has become so overwhelming that the CIA may no longer by able to shield him from further FBI probes and leaks. There may even be another Agent Rowley in the wings debating whether to come forward. Just as the FBI has upgraded their assessment of Dr. Hatfill from "not a suspect" to a "person of interest", so the CIA may be increasingly rating Dr. Hatfill as a liability rather than an asset. To avoid a trial, the best scenario for the CIA is to convict Dr. Hatfill in the media and then apply the Oswald Solution. In short, we got the guilty man but he’s dead. Case closed. By becoming a public personality and meeting the press, Dr. Steven Hatfill may be responding to basic survival instincts.

Researchers need to seriously consider whether the September 11 air attacks and the anthrax attacks were being monitored and encouraged by the same governmental security agencies as part of an Administration " take America to war" strategy.

Steve Moore is a researcher and a retired teacher of American History living in British Columbia. Copyright

Smallpox and Anthrax Scare Planned Years Before 9-11

Smallpox and Anthrax Frights Planned Years Before 9-11:

Government and Drug Industry Collusion Cited

Tetrahedron Publishing Group

Health Science Communications for People Around the World

NEWS RELEASE                                


                                                                                                Release: No. DITA-90

                                                                                                Date Mailed: Sept. 25, 2002

For Immediate Release

Contact: Elaine Zacky?208/265-2575; 800/336-9266

Author Reports Smallpox and Anthrax Frights Planned Years Before 9-11:

Government and Drug Industry Collusion Cited


Sandpoint, ID “There’s more to the current smallpox fright than meets the eye according to public health authority, Dr. Leonard Horowitz. Cipro, anthrax vaccine, and the current smallpox vaccine “sales campaigns? were planned years before the 9-11 terrorist attacks on America. The only realistic explanation, he argues, involves government and drug industry collusion.

            The parent companies that produce these favored elixirs for anthrax and smallpox bioterrorism are linked, strangely enough, to an infamous history involving contaminated blood, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and even the Nazis of World War II, according to the research findings of this Harvard graduate and independent investigator. These historic, well documented, associations Dr. Horowitz says, seem to be tabooed subject matter for even the F.B.I. whose investigators he hounded for six months before they finally consulted with him regarding the mysterious anthrax mailings. The doctor’s warning to the bureau regarding a developing “anthrax scam? came one week before the first mailings were announced by the press.

            CIPRO, Dr. Horowitz recalls, is produced by Germanx’s Bayer AG, while the smallpox vaccine’s newly formed producer is the British firm Acambis (previously OraVax), owned by Aventis?created in 1999 by parent companies Hoechst and Rhone-Poulenc. The Merck pharmaceutical company, recipient of a large share of the Nazi war chest at the end of WWII, is are partnered with these entitites in Europe and thus involved in the smallpox and West Nile Virus vaccine trade. The only other smallpox and West Nile Virus vaccine producer is Baxter Corporation, a subsidiary of American Home Products?another direct progeny of the decartelized German drug and chemical combine known as I.G. Farben. All have jaded, if not blatant genocidal, histories.

            Bayer, Baxter, and Rhone-Poulenc are infamously known for having infected more than 7,000 American hemophiliacs with the AIDS virus during the early 1980s. They admitted foreknowledge in selling HIV-tainted blood clotting products and settled the class action case for $100,000 per claimant.(1)

            Bayer and Hoechst were formed following World War II from the “decartelization” of Germanx’s leading industrial organization and Nazi economic engine”I.G. Farben. The CIA immediately took over their vacated corporate headquarters which had curiously escaped allied bombings. Historians explain that the Farben complex had been protected by officials of John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company?half owner of the Farben cartel. Many believe that Rockefeller lawyer and Standard Oil business manager, Allen Dulles, among the CIA?s first directors, military-command-protected Farben headquarters from allied bombings. In the current age when past CIA Director James Woolsey lectures on “industrial espionage? as a primary function of modern intelligence organizations, this history portends serious ramifications, particularly in-so-far-as Americ “New War on Terrorism? is concerned.

            Soon after the CIA formed, Bayer and Hoechst were reorganized in 1951 under the direction of the Allied High Commission, largely influenced by U.S. High Commissioner John J. McCloy?a lawyer and banker from Philadelphia, with intimate ties to Rockefeller banking and oil interests. After “decartelization,” the I.G. Farben plants, including all the labor camps involved in the mostly Jewish genocide were consolidated into three main holding companies: Bayer, Hoechst, and BASF for the benefit of all the stockholders.

            Hermann Schmitz, president of Bayer A.G and I.G. Farben during WWII,  who also largely directed the Deutsche Bank,  ?held as much stock in Standard Oil of New Jersey as did the Rockefellers,” according to former CBS News war correspondent Paul Manning. Acknowledging CIA director Dulles for his information, Manning reported that on August 10, 1944, the Rockefeller-Farben partners moved their “flight capital” through affiliated German/French, American, British and Swiss banks “for the new Germany.” This secured “the sophisticated distribution of national and corporate assets to safe havens? throughout the world, and assured the continuation and further development of the “Neuordnung? (new order or “New World Order?) for both the global petrochemical pharmaceutical industry and banking cartels.(2)

            More recent revelations exposing the Bush familx’s involvement in this Euro-American conspiracy, and war economy profiteering, were advanced by John Loftus, a former U.S. Department of Justice Nazi War Crimes prosecutor, and the President of the Florida Holocaust Museum. Attorney Loftus is also the co-author of The Secret War Against the Jews, and has published extensively on the Bush-Rockefeller-Nazi political and economic connections. Quoting from Loftus:

The Bushes knew perfectly well that Brown Brothers was the American money channel into Nazi Germany, and that Union Bank was the secret pipeline to bring the Nazi money back to America from Holland. The Bushes had to have known how the secret money circuit worked because they were on the board of directors in both directions: Brown Brothers out, Union Bank in. . . Moreover, the size of their compensation [was] commensurate with their risk as Nazi money launderers. . . The bottom line is harsh: It is bad enough that the Bush family helped raise the money for [Fritz] Thyssen [arguably Germanx’s wealthiest industrialist] to give Hitler his start in the 1920’s, but giving aid and comfort to the enemy in time of war is treason.” (For Loftus’s complete report go to:


            Given this generally unknown history, is it surprising that Bush administration Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson, and other Bush cabinet members met secretly (that is, illegally) with officials of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) to develop plans for their Emergency Preparedness Task Force? The group is said to have prepared enough drugs and vaccines to protect every American against the threats of anthrax and smallpox. PhRMA task force officials, directed by Aventis executive Richard Markham, and representing a number of other Farben-Rockefeller progeny and beneficiaries including American Home Products, Abbott Laboratories, Merck, Pfizer, and more, according to the New York Times (Nov. 4, 2001), have met regularly with Bush cabinet members. According to Dr. Sidney M. Wolfe, a director at Ralph Nader’s public Citizen Health Research Group, the meetings violated a federal law for transparency of such decision-making committees.(3)

            Apparent illegalities did not deter Secretary Thompson from ordering more than $100 million worth of CIRPO from Bayer at the “bargain price” of $.90 per tablet, when other companies offered equally effective and lower risk substitutes for a few pennies each, and then for free. No one ever questioned the unprecedented FDA selection of this single, largely untested, extraordinarily expensive, antibiotic called CIPRO for anthrax. Incredibly, according to the Physician’s Desk Reference and American Medical Association, the drug is contraindicated for conditions resulting in pneumonia, which is how anthrax kills. The end result of this “scam? was predictable. By January 2002, after more than 32,000 people in Metropolis (i.e., Washington to Boston) consumed CIPRO in the wake of the anthrax mailings, thousands had become seriously ill, many died, as a result. This death toll has never been counted in assessing the damage brought about by the mailings.

            On October 25, 2001, health czar Thompson also asked Congress for another $500 million to order enough of Acambis’s smallpox vaccine “so every American will be assured there is a dose with his or her name on it if it is needed,” even though CDC officials admitted that people already vaccinated probably be revaccinated, and the new remedy would require extensive testing.(4,5)

            CDC officials met on June 8, 2002 to discuss the ramifications of mass smallpox vaccinations. At this meeting in St. Louis, Dr. Joel Kuritsy, the CDC?s director of Preparedness and Early Smallpox Response Activity, stated that “smallpox is not explosively contagious,” and not suited for use as a biological weapon since its person-to-person spread depends on “droplet contamination.” Since “coughing and sneezing are not part of the disease,” he noted, the disease is “transmitted slowly and only after prolonged, direct, face-to-face contact.” He additionally clarified “prolonged contact? to mean “more than 7 days,” and “face-to-face? to mean “contact that is within 6-7 feet.”(6)

            “The scenario in which a terrorist infects himself and walks through a city spreading the disease just wouldn’t happen, even in population-dense areas,” Dr. Kuritsky explained. “In the 1970s, we were able to control the spread of the infection even in highly dense settings such as India and Bangladesh,” using standard means of prevention and treatment other than mass smallpox vaccination. In fact, experts have unanimously cited isolation, ideally in the comfort of one’s own home under care by family members who use standard infection control (OSHA) methods and materials (such as safe waste disposal, gloves and masks, and surface disinfectants) as the best way to arrest a smallpox outbreak. One would never know this according to the media propaganda surrounding the smallpox and anthrax frights.(6)

            On September 24, 2002, the day the Bush administration announced its national smallpox vaccination plan, William Broad of the New York Times covered the drawbacks of this operational program. “The new guidelines for states on mass smallpox vaccinations are most notable for what was omitted,” he wrote. Omissions included “unanswered and often unaddressed questions like timing, costs, feasibility and multiple problems of preparing health care workers to conduct vaccinations, [and] communicating the plans to the public.” Broad neglected to mention the varied and even severe side effects of smallpox vaccination – another taboo subject. Apparently, the Bush administration, with its secreted links to the pharmaceutical industry, feels that they can simply neglect the experimental and risky nature of smallpox vaccinations by requiring “informed consent? statements be signed by recipients. This, of course, places the burden(s) of harmful, and even fatal, outcomes entirely on the shoulders its victims?the mass vaccinated American public.(7)      

            Meanwhile, smallpox vaccine maker Acambis’s sudden suspicious evolution from OraVax Corporation has left few suitably outraged.(8) The OraVax firm had been likewise  linked to shady backroom dealings with Clinton administration officials in 1998 regarding government orders for a yet to be tested West Nile Virus vaccine. Dr. Horowitz provided extensive details in this regard in Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare (Tetrahedron Publishing Group; 1-888-508-4787). His prophetically-titled book was published three months before the 9-11 terrorist attacks. The text explained that the West Nile virus and smallpox vaccine deals evolved from a stealth meeting between Dr. Thomas Monath, the Vice President of OraVax (now Acambis/Aventis), President Clinton, Janet Reno, CIA Director John Deutsch, and American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) curator Dr. Joshua Lederberg, a former Rockefeller University President and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) bioterrorism study group leader. The CFR is well known to be among the most politically influential organizations in America, if not he world.(9)

            According to the U.S. Congressional Record, the “official meeting? to discuss what had already been predetermined regarding the government’s nearly half-billion dollar smallpox, anthrax, and West Nile virus vaccine purchases took place before a joint meeting of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee and the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies of the Senate Appropriations Committee, on March 16, 1999. Here, the sole American anthrax vaccine maker”British-owned BioPort Corporation’sent representation in the person of scientific director, Dr. Robert C. Myers. The vaccine industrialist, referencing his work with the Battelle Memorial Institute – the CIA contractor for project “Clearvision? under which the hyper-concentrated anthrax weapon that was later mailed was initially developed – testified concerning the urgent need to stockpile both the anthrax and smallpox vaccines. Given the earlier official assessment of smallpox?s less than optimal use as a biological weapon, Myer’s precise manipulative words to senators included:

 BioPort manufactures the only FDA-licensed anthrax vaccine in the world. We are also making and testing vaccine . . . to protect against five different types of botulism, . . . It is probably next on the threat list behind anthrax and the rapidly emerging threat of smallpox. . . . [B]ecause smallpox is highly contagious and probably most of the world is now susceptible, it is a potential biowarfare agent of serious concern. . . . There exist similar challenges to the further development and manufacture of new vaccines for anthrax, smallpox, and, for that matter, any other biodefense vaccine. . . . Suppose we have a smallpox vaccine stockpile and a manufacturing capability. Suppose a terrorist group has smallpox as a weapon. . . . there should be two or more geographically separate manufacturing facilities and two or more facilities for storage of the manufactured vaccine.(10)


            It might be asked, how Dr. Myer’s derived his assessment that smallpox was a “rapidly emerging threat”? The fact is, smallpox had been eradicated from the planet decades ago. It was not officially considered a very good biological weapon as Dr. Kuritsky explained. It was widely known that the only remaining stores of smallpox were in Russian and American military?pharmaceutical labs. So aside from using a crystal ball, Dr. Myer’s statement implies he was privy, as an “inside trader/traitor? might be, to a conspiracy to either release the germ from these labs or simply create a fright in this regard. Suffice it to say, the current fright, predicted three years earlier by Dr. Myers and his vaccine industry cohorts, significantly influenced the purchase and rapid consumption of his companx’s products.

            It should also be questioned, “Why, with more than two dozen potential biological weapons in the arsenals of the super-powers and “terrorist states,” would America be simply focused on two such threats?anthrax and smallpox”?

            For any intelligent rational person, if this smells like a skunk, it is most likely a skunk. This entire smallpox “scam? as Dr. Horowitz prefers to call it, represents a classic example of what he calls “white collar bioterrorism, reflecting on standard Machiavellian theory in practice. That is, inside traders create the problems for which they have already prepared profitable solutions.”

            Currently, what concerns Dr. Horowitz most is that these same dirty dealings and industrial powers are involved in the Bush administration’s justification to wage its ongoing war on terrorism, and invade Iraq later this Fall. Dr. Horowitz notes powerful Rockefeller interests represented by Dr. Lederberg’s presence among the inside traders who had met with Clinton administration officials in 1997. This Rockefeller and ATCC administrators had falsely assured the American public that no biological weapons were used during the Gulf War despite his knowledge that the ATCC, under his watch, sent nineteen shipments of various strains of anthrax, suitable for weapons production, to Saddam Hussein in the years leading up to Desert Storm. The U.S. Congress? Don Reigle investigation concerning biological and chemical weapons used during the Gulf War exposed this fact. Their report cited the ATCC as commercially supplying Iraq with anthrax. Other biological weapons were shipped from the United States to Iraqi labs, including two shipments of the West Nile Virus in 1985.(11) So much for the accuracy in main stream medi reporting of the sudden “first time? north American arrival of the West Nile Virus in 1999!

            Regarding last Fall’s anthrax mailings, in defense of the ATCC, its vice president, Nancy Wysocki, said, “We have a very close working relationship with many of the federal agencies, including the F.B.I.”(12) This might best explain why the FBI?s investigation of the anthrax mailings has stalled.

            Dr. Horowitz, in fact, hand delivered a memo to his regional F.B.I. office on October 1, 2001, almost two weeks before the first anthrax letter was sent from Trenton, New Jersey to the American media building in Boca Raton, Florida. His action was prompted by reading, The Final Report?the Oklahoma City bombing grand jury investigation commissioned study by then State Representative Charles Key. It stated that German-based neo-Nazi’s were known to have “masterminded? both airline hijackings and U.S. military installation bombings by the PLO. This matched what the F.B.I. reported, and what Dr. Horowitz knew about the German-based Bayer Corporation. The news reinforced his concerns about the Nazi-German connection to what was obviously a “CIPRO sales scam? linked to the anthrax mailings.(4)

            The F.B.I. also reported that the silica-mixed anthrax powder required expensive equipment, as well as a bioweapons savvy microbiologist, to produce. They had ruled out Islamic terrorist groups, but not “state-sponsored? crimes. This likewise suggested to Dr. Horowitz a “white collar? crime involving drug companies most likely to benefit from the mailings and ensuing fright.(12)

            Then the New York Times (November 11, 2001) reported that F.B.I. agents were denied access to “some pharmaceutical companies in New Jersey.” These ill-defined companies demanded “agents to present a subpoena before they would grant access to their files.”(12) Dr. Horowitz found this additionally suspicious, if not seriously incriminating, especially since smallpox vaccine maker Aventis, his primary suspect, had two plants within forty-five minutes drive from Trenton.

            “I should think that any company with nothing to hide would welcome the bureau’s inquiry especially at this time of dire national urgency,” Dr. Horowitz said. To him the drug firms? response “exhibited a Gestapo-like attitude.”  

            “I?ve repeatedly asked the F.B.I. to thoroughly investigate the possibility of an industrial conspiracy in regard to this year’s threats of bioterrorism and mass vaccination. I?ve urged an inquiry into ATCC curator Dr. Joshua Lederberg, and the financial interests he represents, including Rockefeller pharmaceutical and banking interests,” Dr. Horowitz said. “According to every expert, terrorism is always conducted to express a political motive. When you consider the targets of the anthrax mailers?the mainstream media and two Democratic senators who have vigorously opposed the Bush administration’s appointements and big business efforts?a most plausible motive appears: frighten the public, along with legislators, to support a long-time-evolving agenda that includes drug and vaccine racketeering.”        

            “The trouble is,” Dr. Horowitz concluded, “Elliott Ness and dependable federal agents are long gone. This level of investigation may be impossible for the F.B.I. to adequately conduct, especially given the level of corruption and the Bush administration’s recent bureaucratic shuffle for heightened “homeland [in]security.”

            That is probably why Dr. Horowitz has made little headway in his efforts to direct the F.B.I. where he believes the evidence has suggested they go. “The president, and his highest level cabinet officials are implicated in this?a conspiracy that is most reasonably,” he said, “a deadly pharmaceutical sales scam.”



1) Massie RK. Blood feud: A mother takes the hemophilia tragedy to court. The New Yorker. June 16, 1997, p. 98.

2) Manning P. Martin Bormann: Nazi in Exile. Secaucus, NJ: Lyle Stuart, 1981, pp. 29, 56, 69, 116-17; 134-35.

3) Wolfe SM. Letter to HHS Secretary on Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers of America Emergency Preparedness Task Force (HRG Publication #1600). Public Citizen. Available at”ID=7101.

4) O”Meara KP. Investigative Report: Government ripoff on the Cipro deal. Washington Times, Insight Magazine, Nov. 26, 2001. Available at

5) Charlotte D. Rules relaxed in rush for a new smallpox vaccine. The Guardian, Thursday, Oct. 25, 2001.

6) See:

7) Broad WJ. Guide for mass smallpox vaccinations: recipe with missing ingredients. New York Times, September 24, 2002, P1. (See:

8) See:

9) Horowitz LG. Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare. Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 2001, pp. 105-109.

10) Prepared Statement by Robert C. Myers, DVM, Chief Operating Officer and Director, BioPort Corporation, To a joint meeting of the Senate Veterans Affairs Committee and the Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education and Related Agencies of the Senate Appropriations Committee, March 16, 1999.

11) U.S. Senate, 103rd Congress, 2d Session. U.S. Chemical and Biological Warfare-related Dual Use Exports to Iraq and Their Possible Impact on the Health Consequences of the Persian Gulf War: A Report of Chairman Donald W. Riegle, Jr., et. al. May 25, 1994, pp. 39-47.

12) Broad WJ, Johnston D, Miller J and Zielbauer P. Experts see F.B.I. missteps hampering anthrax inquiry. New York Times, Nov. 9, 2001. Available at


The Anthrax – Bin Laden Connection


 While there is no evidence that Usama Bin Laden is responsible for the current anthrax attacks in the United States, there are indications that Bin Laden’s network acquired anthrax and other biological agents in recent years by simply purchasing them from laboratories in Eastern European and Asia.

 As reported October 24 in the New York Post, Bin Laden’s agents are said to have ordered anthrax and other bacteria through the mail from the Czech Republic and elsewhere.

 The NY Post article was based on a rather garbled account of the 1999 trial of members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad in Cairo that appeared in the March 6, 1999 issue of the London Arabic newspaper A-Sharq al-Awsat.

 See "Bin-Ladin Men Reportedly Possess Biological Weapons," as translated by the CIA’s Foreign Broadcast Information Service, here:

 A related story, "Islamic Jihad ‘Confessions’ Described," also from A-Sharq al-Awsat and translated by FBIS, is posted here:

 The reports (or translations) do not accurately distinguish between bacteria and viruses, or between gases and liquids.

 Officials of the Czech Republic have vigorously disputed claims that anthrax, botulin or other lethal substances were obtained by Bin Laden from their country.

 The Czech intelligence agency, known in English as the Security Information Service, maintains a fairly informative web site here:

 Writing in the Village Voice, George Smith warns of anthrax misinformation. See "You Can’t Iron Out the Anthrax":

 The National Security Archive has just published a new collection of declassified documents on "The Nixon Administration’s Decision to End U.S. Biological Warfare Programs." See: