India’s President Modi surprised the entire country on 24 March 2020. At 8 pm, he announced on a government owned news channel that a nationwide lockdown would be enforced from midnight. All workplaces, schools, shops and hotels were shut down. Flights, trains, buses, private vehicles and other transport systems were halted. People were only allowed to leave their homes to pick up essentials and faced a year in jail if they did not have a valid excuse for being outside. India had one of the harshest lockdowns in the world in March, according to Oxford University’s Stringency Index.Read more . . .
Human Rights Committee, General Comment 29, States of Emergency (article 4), U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/21/Rev.1/Add.11 (2001). 1. Article 4 of the Covenant is of paramount importance for the system of protection for human rights under the Covenant. On the one … Read more . . .
Human Rights Committee, General Comment 5, Article 4 (Thirteenth session, 1981). Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, U.N. Doc. HRI/GEN/1/Rev.1 at 5 (1994) 1. Article 4 of the Covenant has posed a number … Read more . . .
Joan Fitzpatrick Human rights in crisis: the international system for protecting rights during states of emergency University of Pennsylvania Press 1994 … Read more . . .