Five years of devastating civil war and strict economic sanctions have plunged over 80 percent of Syrians into poverty, up from 28 percent in 2010. Ferdinand Arslanian, a scholar at the Center for Syrian Studies at the University of St. Andrews, says that reduction in living standards and aid dependency is empowering the regime.Read more . . .
Economic sanctions are emerging as one of the major tools of international governance in the post-Cold War era. Sanctions have long been seen as a form of political intervention that does not cause serious human damage, and therefore does not raise pressing ethical questions. However, the nature of sanctions is that they effectively target the most vulnerable and least political sectors of society, and for this reason they must be subject to ethical scrutiny.Read more . . .
The ‘Russian Threat’, the ideology driving the US and German offensive throughout Europe and the Caucuses, is a replay of the same doctrine which Hitler used to secure support from domestic industrial bankers, conservatives and right wing overseas collaborators among extremists in Ukraine, Hungary, Rumania and Bulgaria.Read more . . .
The Sadruddin Aga Khan Report on Iraq, 1991 Note by the webmaster: The following document, scanned by me, includes what a mission appointed by the UN Secretary-General, reported after visiting Iraq in the summer of 1991. The document presents a … Read more . . .
Letter to the EditorPublished in the Baghdad Observer, September 22, 1999 Entering the tenth year of the economic sanctions imposed on Iraq, we do not yet see the end of the suffering. As a person who has consistently and intensively … Read more . . .
THE ROLE PLAYED BY THE SECURITY COUNCIL IN CRIPPLING THE IRAQI ECONOMY 1990-2001 by Elias Davidsson (May 2002) Abstract: The Security Council of the United Nations imposed comprehensive economic sanctions on Iraq in August 1990. The severity of these measures … Read more . . .
United States’ Foreseeability, Awareness and Knowledge of the Consequences of the Sanctions Against Iraq Elias Davidsson 2004 Introduction In order to determine to which extent individual leaders who imposed and maintained economic sanctions against Iraq can be held responsible for the … Read more . . .
U.N. Sanctions Against Iraq: Measures of Specific Deprivation Elias Davidsson February 2004 Abstract: By imposing economic sanctions, a general mechanism was set in motion to cripple Iraq’s economy and cause shortages to be felt by the population. Banning or restricting oil exports … Read more . . .
Did we abandon the Iraqi people? by Elias DavidssonMiddle East Labor Bulletin, Spring 1994 On January 17, 1991, three years ago, the Western powers, with the tacit or explicit approval of the political and intellectual elite, started pounding Iraq into … Read more . . .
The mindset of those who imposed and maintained sanctions on Iraq Some individual responses, as reported by Alain Michel and Fabien Voyer in their book “Irak, la faute” (Les Editions du Cerf, Paris, 1999, French), selected and translated by Elias … Read more . . .