Category Archives: International Peoples’ Tribunals

A Crime of Silence, The Armenian Genocide: Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal

A Crime of Silence, The Armenian Genocide: Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal

Libaridian, Gerard., editor.
London: Zed Books Ltd., 1985, 249 pages. ISBN 0-86232-424-6.

"Nothing is graver in a criminal sense than a deliberate state policy of systematic extermination of a people based on their particular ethnic identity."

? Verdict of the Tribunal

A reproduction of the evidence and papers presented in 1985 at a special four-day session of hearings conducted by the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal in Paris on the subject of the Armenian Genocide. The Tribunal’s jury included three Nobel Prize winners ? Sean MacBride, Adolfo Perez Esquivel, and George Wald ” and ten other eminent jurists, theologians, academics, and political figures from various Western and Third World countries. The current-day Turkish government denies that any preceding Turkish government was responsible for the wholesale killing of Armenians. Of great interest in this book, therefore, is the official defense of Turkey’s position, particularly when contrasted with the exhaustive survey of German eyewitness accounts of the killings. A detailed account is also given of the Turkish government’s efforts in 1979 to pressure the United Nations to delete all reference to the Armenian massacres in Paragraph 30 of the U.N. Study on the Question of the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Sample Chapters:

  • Libaridian, Gerard, The Ideology of the Young Turk Movementby
  • Walker, Christopher, British Sources on the Armenian Massacres, 1915-1916
  • Hofmann,Tessa, German Eyewitness Reports of the Genocide of the Armenians, 1915-1916
  • Foreign Policy Institute, Ankara, The Turkish Argument: The Armenian Issue in Nine Questions and Answers
  • Kouymjian, Dickran, The Destruction of the Armenian Historical Monuments as a Continuation of the Turkish Policy of Genocide


People’s Tribunal to study food and justice in Asia

People’s Tribunal to study food and justice in Asia

(Hong Kong, 9 May 2003) – The relationship between a full stomach and a functioning judiciary will come under the scrutiny of a new body, the Permanent People’s Tribunal on the Right to Food and the Rule of Law in Asia, the Asian Legal Resource Centre announced today. 

"There is a direct link between ensuring the right to food and ensuring the rule of law," Basil Fernando, Executive Director of the Asian Legal Resource Centre said in launching the Tribunal. "Both are struggles to guarantee equality on basic physical and legal terms, and the two are interdependent.  The fight against torture, illegal detention, extra-judicial killing and other violations of civil and political rights is essential to create and maintain the space necessary to struggle for adequate food and water."

In every part of Asia access to food and clean water relates in some way to the rule of law. The Permanent People’s Tribunal is committed to investigating and understanding this relationship, with a view to proposing effective remedies where violations are uncovered.

The Tribunal comprises a panel that will investigate and assess the relationship between food and justice in Asia. The initial standing members are: Professor Buddhadeb Chaudhuri, University of Calcutta; Professor Kwak Nohyun, Korea Open University; Justice H. Suresh, Bombay High Court (retired); and, Professor Mark Tamthai, formerly of Chulalongkorn University, in Bangkok. All of these eminent persons are leaders in the human rights field of their respective countries.

Justice Suresh and Professor Tamthai were also members of the earlier People’s Tribunal on Food Scarcity and Militarization in Burma, which examined the nexus between hunger and military rule in that country. That People’s Tribunal completed its mandate in 2000, after a number of years’ work and the release of its comprehensive Voice of the Hungry Nation report.  

The secretariat of the new Permanent People’s Tribunal has begun its work where the previous Tribunal left off: by reviewing conditions in Burma. "In Burma, food is still denied through state-managed violence", reports Elizabeth Lee, a researcher with the secretariat. "Denial of the right to food is the corollary of the non-rule of law. The fight against torture, detention, extrajudicial killings and forced labour is concomitant with the fight to create and maintain the space necessary to struggle for adequate food." The secretariat has sent its assessment to the chairman of the Myanmar Human Rights Committee, Colonel Tin Hlaing, for comment. 

The website of the Permanent People’s Tribunal on the right to food and rule of law in Asia is at The website of the earlier People’s Tribunal on Burma is at, and the Voice of the Hungry Nation (October 1999) can be found at

Asian Legal Resource Centre – ALRC, Hong Kong