John Dugard, the Special Rapporteur on Palestine to the United Nations Human Rights Council not only compares Israeli policies directly to apartheid, but
Israelis adopt what South Africa dropped
By John Dugard [U.N. Special Rapporteur on Palestine]
Published on: 11/29/06
Former President Jimmy Carter's new book, "Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid,"
is igniting controversy for its allegation that Israel practices a form of
As a South African and former anti-apartheid advocate who visits the
Palestinian territories regularly to assess the human rights situation for
the U.N. Human Rights Council, the comparison to South African apartheid is
of special interest to me.
On the face of it, the two regimes are very different. Apartheid was a
system of institutionalized racial discrimination that the white minority in
South Africa employed to maintain power over the black majority. It was
characterized by the denial of political rights to blacks, the fragmentation
of the country into white areas and black areas (called Bantustans) and by
the imposition on blacks of restrictive measures designed to achieve white
superiority, racial separation and white security.
The "pass system," which sought to prevent the free movement of blacks and
to restrict their entry to the cities, was rigorously enforced. Blacks were
forcibly "relocated," and they were denied access to most public amenities
and to many forms of employment. The system was enforced by a brutal
security apparatus in which torture played a significant role.
The Palestinian territories