The following is an excerpt from an article, written by world-renown British historian, Arnold Toynbee, one of the most famous and respected historians-philosophers of the 20th century. He is the author of "A Study of History", a prestigious work of its kind .
I am quoting Arnold Toynbee from his 1963 article entitled, "Two Aspects of The Palestinian Question":
"I can understand the Jews demanding, after their experience at Nazi hands, that they should be given some piece of territory somewhere in the world, where they would be masters in their own house and where there would be an asylum for any Jews who, in future might be threatened with a repetition of what the Nazis did. But, if the Jews had a claim to be given a piece of territory, this should have been done at the expense of the Western nation that had done its worst to exterminate the Jews.. If the creation of a new state of Israel was judged to be a legitimate form of compensation to the surviving Jews, the territory for this state should have been taken from the Europeans, not from the Arabs. The new Israel should not have been carved out of Arab Palestine; it should have been carved out of Central Europe.
This point seems to me to be simple and obvious. But, once, when I made it in a lecture in a Western country*, (not Germany, not Britain), it was received with shouts of laughter. The people who laughed were not Jews; they were non-Jewish Westerners, and the country was one that has been traditionally opposed to colonialism. Yet, they laughed because it seemed to them preposterous that a Western nation should be made to pay for its own crimes with its own territory, when the West’s moral debt to the Jews could, so it seemed to these Westerners, be settled by giving the Jews the territory of a non-Western people that committed no crime at all against the Jews.
This laughter shocked me because it revealed to me what seems to me a shocking persistence of the colonialist attitude of mind. A guilty Western people’s territory was to be sacrosanct, because, though guilty, they were Westerners. An innocent non-Western people’s territory could, it was held, legitimately be given away to the Jews by the victorious Western powers. This amounts to the declaration of the inequality of the Western and the non-Western sections of the human race. It is a claim that Westerners are privileged, however guilty they may be. It is a denial of those universal human rights that, in truth, are possessed by every man, woman, and child in the world, irrespective of differences in civilization; religion, nationality and race."
*The country that Arnold Toynbee refers to is Canada and it was in his lecture at McGill University in Montreal.