There is not and may never be conclusive proof as to who was behind the terrible bombings in New York and Washington, D.C., on September 11, 2001. No point would be served here by making a detailed review of the facts that have so far emerged into the public record. Suffice it to say that the accounts provided by the United States government simply do not add up.
The October 3  edition of the New York Times recounted the definitive briefing by a US ambassador to NATO officials on the alleged facts as follows:
One Western official at NATO said the briefings, which were oral, without slides or documents, did not report any direct order from Mr. Bin Laden, nor did they indicate that the Taliban knew about the attacks before they happened.
A senior diplomat for one closely allied nation characterized the briefing as containing `nothing particularly new or surprising,’ adding: `It was rather descriptive and narrative rather then forensic. There was no attempt to build a legal case.’
In other words, there was no real case against Al Qaeda, Bin Laden, and the Taliban government of Afghanistan. Such was the conclusion of senior diplomats from friendly nations who attended the so-called briefing. . . .
Secretary of State Colin Powell publicly promised that they were going to produce a `White Paper’ documenting their case against Osama bin Laden and the Al Qaeda organization concerning September 11. . . . We never received a `White Paper’ produced by the Untied States government as publicly promised by Secretary Powell, who was later overridden by President Bush Jr. What we got instead was a so-called White Paper produced by British Prime Minister Tony Blair . . . — neither an elected or administrative official of the U.S. government, not even an American citizen. . . .
The Powell/Blair White Paper fell into that hallowed tradition of a `White Paper’ based upon insinuation, allegation, rumors, propaganda, lies, half-truths, etc. Even unnamed British government officials on an off-the-record basis admitted that the case against Bin Laden and Al Qaeda would not stand up in court. . . . [Note that the preamble to this white paper — "Responsibility for the terrorist atrocities in the United States," 10/4/01 — explicitly confirms Professor Boyle’s assertion:
- "This document does not purport to provide a prosecutable case against Usama Bin Laden in a court of law. Intelligence often cannot be used evidentially, due both to the strict rules of admissibility and to the need to protect the safety of sources. But on the basis of all the information available HMG is confident of its conclusions as expressed in this document."