Conversion to Judaism
Any non-Jew can become a Jew by converting. Once he converts, he then becomes a Jew in every regard and his relationship with God is the same level as that of every other Jew.
Unlike many other religions, Judaism does not demand that all people convert to the religion. Maimonides explains that any human being who faithfully observes the "7 Laws of Noah" earns a proper place in heaven. The Torah of Moses is a truth for all humanity, whether Jewish or not.
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But what about the non-Jew who does wish to convert to Judaism? According to the Code of Jewish Law (the "Shulchan Aruch"), there are three requirements for a valid conversion. The requirements are:
1) Mitzvahs – He must believe in God and the divinity of the Torah, as well as accept upon himself to observe all 613 mitzvahs (commandments) of the Torah.
2) Milah – Male converts must undergo circumcision by a qualified "Mohel." If he was previously circumcised by a doctor, he then undergoes a ritual called "hatafas dam".
3) Mikveh – All converts must immerse in the Mikveh – a ritual bath linked to a reservoir of rain water.
All of the above must be done before a court of three Jewish men who themselves believe in God, accept the divinity of the Torah, and observe the mitzvahs.
[Note by the editor, E.D.: A person born to a ‘Jewish’ mother does not need to "believe in God and the divinity of the Torah, as well as accept upon himself to observe all 613 mitzvahs (commandments) of the Torah.", as is required by a person who wishes to ‘become’ a Jew. His ‘Jewishness’ is determined genetically, not through any act or belief. The genetic ‘Jew’ may be a thief, murderer, sinner, agnostic, but will be considered as a ‘Jew’ for the purpose of the Israeli Law of Return, used to determine the demographic nature of the State of Israel.]
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The conversion must be motivated for the sole purpose of getting close to God and His Torah, and not for ulterior motives such as money or marriage.
It is inadvisable for anyone to convert until he is able to accept the responsibilities a true conversion would entail.