The effects of the world defense industry and US military aid to Israel on the Israeli defense industry: A differentiated products model
Defence and Peace Economics, 2005, Vol. 16(6), December, pp. 427-448
by Yoad Shefi and Asher Tishler
This paper models the interactions between the defense industry market structure and the defense needs of Israel, the USA and Western Europe, which produce several heterogeneous defense goods. The model specifies that the defense industries of the US and Europe are “large” while that of Israel is “small”. The US military aid to Israel is also an integral part of the model. The results show that net defense costs of Israel are minimal when the number of its defense firms is one. The model predicts that an increase in US military aid reduces Israel’s government expenditure, its defense industrx’s profits and its net defense costs.
Keywords: Defense industry; Security levels; US military aid; Net defense cost; Industry profits