Israel in Lebanon
The Report of the International
Commission to enquire into reported
violations of International Law by
Israel during its invasion of the Lebanon
Terms of Reference of the International Commission of Enquiry
The terms of reference of the Commission, as agreed at its constituting session in London on 28 August 1982, are to answer, among others, the following questions, which seem to be the principal questions arising from the invasion of the Lebanon by Israel:
1. Has the Government of Israel committed acts of aggression contrary to international law?
2. Have the Israeli armed forces made use of weapons or methods of warfare forbidden by international law, including the laws of war?
3. Have Palestinian and Lebanese, or other, prisoners been subjected to treatment forbidden by international law, including inhuman or degrading treatment? Has there been a violation of international law arising out of the classification of or denial of status to Palestinian prisoners or detainees?
4. Has there been deliberate or indiscriminate or reckless bombardment of a civilian character, for example: hospitals, schools, or other non-military targets?
5. Has there been systematic bombardment or other destruction of towns, cities, villages or refugee camps?
6. Have the acts of the Israeli armed forces caused the dispersal, deportation, or ill-treatment of populations, in violation of international law?
7. Has the Government of Israel valid reasons under international law for its invasion of the Lebanon, for the manner in which it conducted hostilities, or for its actions as an occupying force?
8. To what extent, if any, were the Israeli authorities or forces involved, directly or indirectly, in the massacres or other killings that were reported to have been carried out by Lebanese militia men in the refugee camps of Sabra and Chatila in the Beirut area between the dates of 16 and 18 September?
In examining these questions the Commission will consider and determine whether any acts which they may find to have been committed are such as may be characterised as crimes under international law.